For sources of infographics see end of page.

France is a country that has evolved greatly over the last century. The French population has become mostly urban (80% of the population lives in cities). This trend influences the territory by increasing human-made landscapes, the concentration of the population in the cities and its effects city design, pollution and the issue of the place of nature in town.

In addition to this spatial change, temperatures have risen (+1.4C° on average since 1900) and consequently the amount of glaciers, variety of flora and fauna such as fruit trees and vines has declined (changes are also visible on vegetative cycles and the vulnerability towards diseases increased). This change in temperatures has also caused the drying up of soils, the rise of heat waves and heat episodes, as well as the unpredictability of rainfall and frosts.


France is the only developed country that is included in the project Bochialki. The idea was to focus on the perception of climate change: direct or indirect impacts depending on the location, disconnection or reconnection with nature that depends on the daily environment and way of life.

New initiatives have emerged rapidly. Such initiatives rethink common lifestyles in a society and suggest a new sustainable, alternative lifestyle based on cooperation and respect for nature. It is these inspirations, these experiments and new ways of living that we wish to dwell on know and portray.

Sources of infographics

GHG Emission: Worldbank, 2014. World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions.

Population in 2016: Worldbank, 2016. Data Total Population.

Population in rural areas: Worldbank, 2016. Data Rural population.

Renewable engergy: Worldbank, 2014. Data Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output).

Average monthly salary: International Labour Organization, 2016-2017. Global Wage Report 2016/2017.