For sources of infographics see end of page.
Indonesia is an archipelago with 17’000 islands of which 6’000 are inhabited. The country lies on three different plates, whose movement is the reason for the island’s existing. It is not surprising that much of the land is defined by volcanoes. There are 150 in total – some of them active, some not. It is hard to top Indonesia’s biodiversity. A wide number of different animals and plants can be found on the islands. Additionally, it is assumed that a lot of species have not even been discovered yet.
Just as diverse are the different Indonesian cultures. The range of cultures is huge: from 300 different spoken languages, to a variety of religions and different forms of living. From urban citizens to traditional folks living in the middle of the jungle - Indonesia has it all.
Unfortunately, the list of environmental problems is just as long. Deforestation is done on a big scale. Since 2000 16 million hectares of forest have been cut down or burnt - an area around the size of Greece. This is especially worrying since the destruction of forest around the world causes about 10% of greenhouse gas emissions. Other issues are the pollution of the sea due to lack of waste management and exploitation of resources, that leads to dangerous landslides and floods. The protection of the environment is turning into an important political issue. Also due to the increasing indignation and activism of citizens.
Sources of infographics
GHG Emission: Worldbank, 2014. World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions.
Population without electricity: Internationl Energy Agency, 2016. World Energy Outlook.
Population in 2016: Worldbank, 2016. Data Total Population.
Population in rural areas: Worldbank, 2016. Data Rural population.
Population without access to water: Worldbank, 2016. Data Improved water source (% of population with access).
Renewable engergy: Worldbank, 2014. Data Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output).
Average monthly salary: International Labour Organization, 2016-2017. Global Wage Report 2016/2017.