For sources of infographics see end of page.
Due to the fact that 93% of its territory stands at well over 3,000 meters above sea level Kirghizstan is a very mountainous country. Its geography and topography make it one of the most climatic hazard-prone countries in Central Asia. However, the country plays a key role in the generation of water in the region. Indeed, thanks to its glaciers, thousands of lakes and rivers Kyrgyzstan provides 30% of Central Asia's water resources.
Regarded as a free resource, water is slowly but surely becoming a geopolitical and strategic resource. The melting of glaciers, the decrease of the water level of its largest lake “Yssyk Kul” and the unpredictability of rainfall have affected the water resources of the country. In addition, the electricity comes mainly from hydroelectric power stations. Currently, thanks to this locally found precious resource, 99.8% of the population has access to electricity.
More than half of the Kyrgyz population lives in rural areas and many of them still use semi-nomadic pastoralism. Climate change adaptation is one of the major challenges. Behind it come issues such as the gradual depletion of forests, the fragility of soils and landslides, the unsustainable use of water and the deterioration of its quality.
From a nomadic tradition, Kyrgyzstan allows us to discover the change in our relationship with nature through an evolution of lifestyle. It also allows us to question the need for a limitless modernity.
Sources of infographics
GHG Emission: Worldbank, 2014. World Development Indicators: Energy dependency, efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions.
Population without electricity: Internationl Energy Agency, 2016. World Energy Outlook.
Population in 2016: Worldbank, 2016. Data Total Population.
Population in rural areas: Worldbank, 2016. Data Rural population.
Population without access to water: Worldbank, 2016. Data Improved water source (% of population with access).
Renewable engergy: Worldbank, 2014. Data Renewable electricity output (% of total electricity output).
Average monthly salary: International Labour Organization, 2016-2017. Global Wage Report 2016/2017.